Abstracts and References
Published: 03 August 2015
Arild Holt Jensen
A prominent feature in present day Estonia and Latvia is large tracts of formerly productive land laid idle and production buildings of collective farms in ruins. However, in some areas most farmland is actively used. An investigation of possible landscapes of action, both for the national decision makers and the single landowner is needed in order to understand recent transformations. The empirical focus is on the local responses to the restructuring/restitution measures adopted by the Estonian and Latvian governments in the 1990s and the resulting effects on the cultural landscape and the agricultural development. Restitution was politically necessary, but it has had a number of unexpected effects on landscape development and agricultural production. New ‘speculative’ land use patterns of urban sprawl around the larger cities, with negative effects on agricultural landscapes, are among these. On the other hand, where large production units could be formed as capitalist enterprises and where agricultural land is good, agricultural production is maintained. The actual, local landscape development is, however, a result of local responses to general processes. The focus of this study is on how individuals and local communities interpret opportunities and obstacles set by personal ambitions, local conditions and general policies. The study is limited to some few selected case studies in Estonia and Latvia. The cases represent quite different results, and the reasons for this has been analysed.
Keywords: Cultural landscape change, restitution, production unit, transition economy, large and small scale farming;
Acta Geobalcanica | Volume 1 | Issues 2 | Pp: 65-73;
Available Online First: 03 August 2015
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